By Heli Rostoker, certified dietician. Today, there are no exact recommendations regarding a specific diet plan for people with multiple sclerosis.
However, clinical studies demonstrate that a balanced diet combined with a healthy and active lifestyle may improve various clinical metrics and quality of life.
Certain nutrients such as curcumin, vitamin D, and omega-3 have been extensively studied and appear to play an important role in regulating oxidative stress. Another powerful and beneficial antioxidant is melatonin, which is naturally produced in the pineal gland in the brain from the essential amino acid tryptophan.
This amino acid must be obtained from food because the body does not know how to produce it itself. Foods rich in tryptophan include soy, nuts, almonds, grains, chicken and turkey, oily fish like salmon, eggs, and milk.
The polyphenols, found in vegetables, fruits, wine, and tea, have also been shown to be antioxidants. Incorporating these components into the daily diet may be beneficial for immune system function, reducing inflammation, improving various symptoms of MS, and improving quality of life.
For more info:
Stoiloudis, P. Kesidou, E. Bakirtzis, C. Sintila, S.-A. Konstantinidou, N. Boziki, M. Grigoriadis, N. The Role of Diet and Interventions on Multiple Sclerosis: A Review. Nutrients 2022, 14, 1150. https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/14/6/1150
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